“Sharing City” drew attention at the Creative Common Global Summit 2015


Last October, Creative Commons affiliates and communities from around the world gathered in Seoul for the Creative Commons Global Summit 2015 held at the National Museum of Korea, the Hangeul Museum of Korea and Art Center Nabi. The CC Global Summit is a bi-anniel meeting where members of CC’s global network and communities come together to share case studies, ideas and visions around sharing and openness. And this year in Seoul, Sharing City was one of the key topics that drew attention from attendees.


Hyo-Gwan Jeon, Director General of Seoul Innovation, and Dong-Hyeon Kim, CEO of Modu Parking, shared local stories while Sang-Hyun Lee, Public Policy Manager at Airbnb, and Pieter van de Glind, a co-founder of ShareNL, gave the participants international perspectives. All slides are released under CC-BY license while Jinho Jung, the CEO of J Visual School, offered graphic recording to capture key ideas and messages presented during the session.



Photo by CCKorea, CC-BY 2.0



1.  3 years of “Sharing City Seoul” initiative and future plans – Hyo-Gwan Chon, Director of Social Innovation Bureau for Seoul City Government


Director Jeon introduced how the Seoul City Government has come to declare “Sharing City” in September 2012, building institutional basis by introducing municipal ordinances and running the ShareHub website in collaboration with CC Korea, in an effort to resolve the urban problems of social isolation and loneliness. And not only conferences and public events such as Sharing City Expo, have there been various sharing practices experimented by the city: car-sharing and parking-space sharing services as well as services for sharing kids’ clothings, meeting spaces,  accommodations for seniors and youth, tools, toys, books and many other.

Seoul is definitely one of the pioneers of city-driven sharing city movement. But at the same time, various efforts to make Seoul a better city have been made in multiple ways through collaboration among governments, schools, communities, and businesses.


He also mentioned the city government’s efforts to deal with issues associated with start-up companies and global corporations in the sharing economy industry; for example, the city government created a group dedicated to improving regulations to tackle such issues. It will be interesting to see how much more diverse activities the Seoul city government will continue to engage in.


공유 서울의 3년간의 시도, 그리고 미래 (Urban Problems Innovative Approaches) – 전효관 from Creative Commons Korea



Photo by CCKorea, CC-BY 2.0




Image by Jinho Jung, CC-BY-SA   2.0



2.  Amsterdam Sharing City / Pieter van de Glind, ShareNL


ShareNL is an organization based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, that engage with universities, start-ups, lawyers to organise for-profit as well as non-for-profit projects.

Pieter van de Glind, a co-founder of ShareNL, said he had conducted a survey of 1,300 Amsterdam citizens for his master’s thesis to find out that more than 84 percent of the respondents is wiling to take part in at least one example of collaborative economy services such as car-sharing, product sharing and parking-space sharing services. The research led to the development of ShareNL and Seoul’s Sharing City project gave inspiration to him in the process.


While Amsterdam is rich with social capital, Amasterdam citizens are realising the importance of forming a social consensus on “Sharing” and as a result now there are increasing discussions and negotiations among diverse stakeholders aiming to declare Amsterdam a Sharing City. He introduced ShareNL’s visions of sharing knowledge and sharing 0.1 million cars by 2018 and also mentioned that several other European cities were very interested in “Sharing” as an important keyword.


Amsterdam Sharing City – Pieter Bas van de Glind from Creative Commons Korea



Photo by CC Korea, CC-BY 2.0




Image by Jinho Jung, CC-BY-SA 2.0



3.  Sharing City and Sharing Home – Sang-Hyun Lee, Public Policy Manager for Airbnb


Airbnb is recognised as one of the leading examples of sharing businesses. Sang-hyun Lee from Airbnb Korea noted that Airbnb was used by about 60 million people and approximately 2 million homes are shared around the world. He also presented a few examples where the company helped solving the shortage of accommodations at the city level in the cases of natural disasters and global mega events for the past several years.


In 2012 when Hurricane Sandy struck the east coast of the United States and in 2015 when a massive earthquake devastated Nepal, people shared their homes and food with others for free. During the Brazil World Cup 2014, more than 1,000 beds were shared in a week via Airbnb. These dramatic stories demonstrate how sharing practices can help us take a flexible approach to deal with problems.


Sharing City and Sharing Home – Sang-hyun Lee from Creative Commons Korea



Photo by CCKorea, CC-BY 2.0



Image by Jinho Jung, CC-BY-SA 2.0



4.  Collaboration to solve the parking problem in urban areas – Dong-Hyeon Kim, Modu Parking


The last speaker of the session was Dong-Hyeong Kim, CEO of Modu Parking. Kim began his talk by emphasizing that the main reason for Seoul’s parking space problems was not the limited number of parking spaces in the registered parking lots but the inefficiency in the management of parking spaces. Realising that the demand for parking spaces were being concentrated on certain areas and time of the day, the company have created a mobile application that helps people share their parking spaces or reserve a parking spot, which have alleviated the parking space problem by providing as many as 3.5 billion parking slots in the Songpa-gu district.

Meanwhile he also pointed out that there were issues related to regulations, awareness of citizens, and infrastructure that created difficulties in running the business and called for support and cooperation from the city government.


민관협력을 통한 주차공유, 그 성과와 과제 – 김동현 from Creative Commons Korea



Photo by CC Korea, CC-BY 2.0




Image by Jinho Jung, CC-BY-SA 2.0



In addition to the topic of Sharing City, the 4-days event was filled with various topics including OER (Open Educational Resources), open content, open design and many other areas where Creative Commons Licenses have made an impact.

We hope we can make the city we live in a place where people share more prosperous life by revitalizing dormant intellectual and physical resources that are yet to be connected and open.


Follow this link for more photos of the CC Global Summit 2015!